Preparedness Notes for Saturday — February 1, 2020

Today we remember February 1st, 2003, when the over Texas and Louisiana as it reentered Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven crew members。

Also today, we recognize the birthday of Christian economist . (Born, 1942.) North is a prolific writer on Christian Reconstruction and economics topics.

As promised, I’ve just launched my web-based mail order business, selling pre-1899 guns. It is called . The ElkCreekCompany.net web site is now up and running, and the attached credit card processing system is ready to take your orders. Consult your state and local laws before ordering. But in most cases these Federally-exempt antiques can be mailed right to your door with no paperwork!  There are more than 74 antique guns listed, that will be sold first come, first serve.  Some of these have been in my personal collection for more than 20 years. Nearly all of them are chambered in cartridges that are still factory made.

SurvivalBlog Writing Contest

Today we present the first entry for Round 87 of the SurvivalBlog non-fiction writing contest. The more than $10,000 worth of prizes for this round include:

First Prize:

  1. A gift certificate from Quantum Harvest LLC (up to a $2,200 value) good for 12% off the purchase of any of their sun-tracking models, and 10% off the purchase price of any of their other models.
  2. A Gunsite Academy Three Day Course Certificate. This can be used for any one, two, or three day course (a $1,095 value),
  3. A course certificate from onPoint Tactical for the prize winner’s choice of three-day civilian courses, excluding those restricted for military or government teams. Three day onPoint courses normally cost $795,
  4. DRD Tactical is providing a 5.56 NATO QD Billet upper. These have hammer forged, chrome-lined barrels and a hard case, to go with your own AR lower. It will allow any standard AR-type rifle to have a quick change barrel. This can be assembled in less than one minute without the use of any tools. It also provides a compact carry capability in a hard case or in 3-day pack (an $1,100 value),
  5. Two cases of Mountain House freeze-dried assorted entrees in #10 cans, courtesy of Ready Made Resources (a $350 value),
  6. A $250 gift certificate good for any product from Sunflower Ammo,
  7. American Gunsmithing Institute (AGI) is providing a $300 certificate good towards any of their DVD training courses.

Second Prize:

  1. A Front Sight Lifetime Diamond Membership, providing lifetime free training at any Front Sight Nevada course, with no limit on repeating classes. This prize is courtesy of a SurvivalBlog reader who prefers to be anonymous.
  2. A Glock form factor SIRT laser training pistol and a SIRT AR-15/M4 Laser Training Bolt, courtesy of Next Level Training, which have a combined retail value of $589,
  3. A $300 purchase credit for any of the products from EMPShield.com
  4. A Three-Day Deluxe Emergency Kit from Emergency Essentials (a $190 value),
  5. Two 1,000-foot spools of full mil-spec U.S.-made 750 paracord (in-stock colors only) from www.TOUGHGRID.com (a $240 value).
  6. An assortment of products along with a one hour consultation on health and wellness from Pruitt’s Tree Resin (a $265 value).

Third Prize:

  1. Good2GoCo.com is providing a $400 purchase credit at regular prices for the prize winner’s choice of either Wise Foods or Augason long term storage foods, in stackable buckets.
  2. Three sets each of made-in-USA regular and wide-mouth reusable canning lids. (This is a total of 300 lids and 600 gaskets.) This prize is courtesy of Harvest Guard (a $270 value)
  3. A Royal Berkey water filter, courtesy of Directive 21 (a $275 value),
  4. Expanded sets of both washable feminine pads and liners, donated by Naturally Cozy (a $185 retail value),
  5. Two Super Survival Pack seed collections, a $150 value, courtesy of Seed for Security, LLC,

Round 87 ends on March 31st, so get busy writing and e-mail us your entry. Remember that there is a 1,500-word minimum, and that articles on practical “how to” skills for survival have an advantage in the judging.



Post-TEOTWAWKI Pest Control – Part 1, by J.S.R.

Historically, guns and knives make barely a blip on the charts in their ability to kill when compared to mosquitoes, lice, and ticks. These killers trigger no motion sensors or metal detectors. They don’t need night vision goggles. They spare no one and are entirely indiscriminate in their attacks. It was true historically, and it is true now. It will continue to be true in the future. Focusing too much attention on Hollywood’s distracting scripts for doomsday scenarios where firearms do all the killing prevents people from preparing for the far more likely assassins that will find, wherever you bug out.

Fortunately, arming yourself with knowledge, skills, and supplies to defeat nature’s most lethal killers will cost less than a couple of boxes of ammo and doesn’t require any time at the gun range。

MOSQUITOES

When it comes to killing people, mosquitoes have no equal. During the summer months, they are difficult to avoid entirely. However, several measures can be taken to reduce their threat to you.

Preventing Bites

  • Use mosquito repellents. EPA-approved repellents include DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, IR3535, 2-undecanone, and para-methane-diol. The higher the percentage of the active ingredient, the longer each application lasts, and the more effective. If you are going to use homemade or natural repellents, then try them out now to make sure they work on you. By the same token, some homemade repellents may work well on one species of mosquito, but not another. It’s crucial to find out this information in advance. Recently, Iowa State University research showed that catnip is more effective than DEET at repelling mosquitoes. Unfortunately, it has to be applied much more frequently.
    • Make your own mosquito repellent using dried herbs.
      • 1 tablespoon catnip
      • 1 tablespoon peppermint or spearmint
      • 1 tablespoon lavender
      • 1 tablespoon rosemary
      • 1 tablespoon thyme
    • Fill a pint jar halfway with apple cider vinegar. Add the dried herbs, place the lid on the jar, and shake well to combine. Store in a cool, dark place and shake daily for three weeks. Strain out and discard the herbs. Pour the resulting liquid into a spray bottle and add eight ounces of water. Store in the refrigerator and use as needed.
  • Use mosquito screens and clothing. Babies should always be covered well with clothing and mosquito netting used over their cribs and strollers. Plan for screen-protected indoor play areas.
  • Treat clothing and gear with permethrin. The odor alone helps repel mosquitoes. In addition, permethrin kills mosquitoes on contact and is effective through several washings. Alternatively, you can buy permethrin-treated clothing.
  • Wear light-colored clothing (studies show that mosquitoes favor dark clothing) and cover the skin as much as possible. Tightly-woven clothing, particularly those made with synthetics, and anything with an SPF rating, are better at preventing mosquitoes from biting through your clothing.
  • Mosquito-proof the home. Keep all window and door screens in good repair, without any holes through which mosquitoes could gain access. Use a fan, if possible. Mosquitoes can’t fly well in the wind. Remove standing water and litter from around the home.

Those are the measures for preventing bites and disease. There is a vaccine against yellow fever, but it usually is only administered to those traveling to Africa and South America.Continue reading“Post-TEOTWAWKI Pest Control – Part 1, by J.S.R.”



Editors’ Prepping Progress

To be prepared for a crisis, every Prepper must establish goals and make long-term and short-term plans. In this column, the SurvivalBlog editors review their week’s prep activities and planned prep activities for the coming week. These range from healthcare and gear purchases to gardening, ranch improvements, bug out bag fine-tuning, and food storage. This is something akin to our Retreat Owner Profiles, but written incrementally and in detail, throughout the year. Note that as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. We always welcome you to share your own successes and wisdom in the Comments. Let’s keep busy and be ready!

Jim Reports:

Just days before I had planned to launch my new web-based mail order business, I came down with the flu.  (No, not that flu!) This is the first significant illness that I’ve had in about three years. So forgive me if the blog posts are a bit thin for the next few days. Despite this illness, I’ve just launched , on schedule.

Avalanche Lily Reports:

Dear Readers,

Grr!  I got the bug last night, (Thursday night).  I was hoping to avoid it, but I am surrounded by it, since, Jim and Miss Eloise came down with it first, on Tuesday, closely followed by Miss Violet, on Wednesday. 🙁

However, this week in light of the threat of Corona Virus popping up, we had to run to town for appointments and last weekend we went to the Gun Show in Post Falls。 (Which was probably the source of the cold/flu)。

I have not had a bad cold, either, in a few years。 Hopefully, this won’t be too bad。  I am making everybody drink much and eat lots of fruit and green smoothies and take supplements and take steam showers, often to keep the chest congestion junk loose。

We made two trips to Costco, over last weekend and again on Wednesday, and other stores to stock up on  fruits and vegetables and a few more items to top off our stores of items to quarantine ourselves。 I bought 20 pounds of lemons and squeezed fifteen pounds of the lemons and froze them into ice cube trays and put them into gallon baggies in the freezer。

Continue reading“Editors’ Prepping Progress”



The Editors’ Quote of the Day: (KJV)

“Moreover Job continued his parable, and said,

As God liveth, who hath taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, who hath vexed my soul;

All the while my breath is in me, and the spirit of God is in my nostrils;

My lips shall not speak wickedness, nor my tongue utter deceit。

God forbid that I should justify you: till I die I will not remove mine integrity from me.

My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go: my heart shall not reproach me so long as I live.

Let mine enemy be as the wicked, and he that riseth up against me as the unrighteous.

For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God taketh away his soul?

Will God hear his cry when trouble cometh upon him?

Will he delight himself in the Almighty? will he always call upon God?

I will teach you by the hand of God: that which is with the Almighty will I not conceal.

Behold, all ye yourselves have seen it; why then are ye thus altogether vain?

This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage of oppressors, which they shall receive of the Almighty.

If his children be multiplied, it is for the sword: and his offspring shall not be satisfied with bread.

Those that remain of him shall be buried in death: and his widows shall not weep.

Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay;

He may prepare it, but the just shall put it on, and the innocent shall divide the silver.

He buildeth his house as a moth, and as a booth that the keeper maketh。

The rich man shall lie down, but he shall not be gathered: he openeth his eyes, and he is not.

Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in the night.

The east wind carrieth him away, and he departeth: and as a storm hurleth him out of his place.

For God shall cast upon him, and not spare: he would fain flee out of his hand.

Men shall clap their hands at him, and shall hiss him out of his place.” – Job 27  (KJV)



Preparedness Notes for Friday — January 31, 2020

Congratulations to the Citizens of the UK! . It was originally scheduled for March of 2019. But there were, ahem, delays. I’m glad to see that you are finally . Next up: How and when do you get your guns back?

And, speaking of England: On January 31, 1606, Guy Fawkes was scheduled for execution for his part in the Gunpowder Plot against parliament and King James。 As he was being marched up the steps to his gallows, he fell and broke his neck and died, thus depriving his executioners of any satisfaction。 In recent years, have become a symbol of resistance to big government, worldwide。

AG体育Also on this day in 1872, American author Pearl Zane Grey was born。 He was best know for his popular adventure western novels, including , which was his best-selling book。

The prize winners for Round 86 of our bi-monthly writing contest will be announced on Monday, February 3rd, 2020。 Thanks for your patience。

SurvivalBlog Writing Contest

Today we present the final entry for Round 86 of the SurvivalBlog non-fiction writing contest. The more than $12,000 worth of prizes for this round include:

First Prize:

  1. A $3,000 gift certificate towards a Sol-Ark Solar Generator from veteran-owned Portable Solar LLC. The only EMP Hardened Solar Generator System available to the public.
  2. A Gunsite Academy Three Day Course Certificate. This can be used for any one, two, or three day course (a $1,095 value),
  3. A course certificate from onPoint Tactical for the prize winner’s choice of three-day civilian courses, excluding those restricted for military or government teams. Three day onPoint courses normally cost $795,
  4. DRD Tactical is providing a 5.56 NATO QD Billet upper. These have hammer forged, chrome-lined barrels and a hard case, to go with your own AR lower. It will allow any standard AR-type rifle to have a quick change barrel. This can be assembled in less than one minute without the use of any tools. It also provides a compact carry capability in a hard case or in 3-day pack (an $1,100 value),
  5. Two cases of Mountain House freeze-dried assorted entrees in #10 cans, courtesy of Ready Made Resources (a $350 value),
  6. A $250 gift certificate good for any product from Sunflower Ammo,
  7. American Gunsmithing Institute (AGI) is providing a $300 certificate good towards any of their DVD training courses.

Second Prize:

  1. A gift certificate from Quantum Harvest LLC (up to a $2,200 value) good for 12% off the purchase of any of their sun-tracking models, and 10% off the purchase price of any of their other models.
  2. A Front Sight Lifetime Diamond Membership, providing lifetime free training at any Front Sight Nevada course, with no limit on repeating classes. This prize is courtesy of a SurvivalBlog reader who prefers to be anonymous.
  3. A Glock form factor SIRT laser training pistol and a SIRT AR-15/M4 Laser Training Bolt, courtesy of Next Level Training, which have a combined retail value of $589,
  4. A $300 purchase credit for any of the products from EMPShield.com
  5. A Three-Day Deluxe Emergency Kit from Emergency Essentials (a $190 value),
  6. Two 1,000-foot spools of full mil-spec U.S.-made 750 paracord (in-stock colors only) from www.TOUGHGRID.com (a $240 value).
  7. An assortment of products along with a one hour consultation on health and wellness from Pruitt’s Tree Resin (a $265 value).

Third Prize:

  1. Good2GoCo.com is providing a $400 purchase credit at regular prices for the prize winner’s choice of either Wise Foods or Augason long term storage foods, in stackable buckets.
  2. Three sets each of made-in-USA regular and wide-mouth reusable canning lids. (This is a total of 300 lids and 600 gaskets.) This prize is courtesy of Harvest Guard (a $270 value)
  3. A Royal Berkey water filter, courtesy of Directive 21 (a $275 value),
  4. Expanded sets of both washable feminine pads and liners, donated by Naturally Cozy (a $185 retail value),
  5. Two Super Survival Pack seed collections, a $150 value, courtesy of Seed for Security, LLC,
  6. Mayflower Trading is donating a $200 gift certificate for homesteading appliances.

Round 87 starts tomorrow, so get busy writing and e-mail us your entry. Remember that there is a 1,500-word minimum, and that articles on practical “how to” skills for survival have an advantage in the judging.



The Appalachian Redoubt, by Bethany

Encompassing parts of 13 states from southern New York down through the northern region of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi, the Appalachian mountain range offers a Redoubt alternative for those east of the Mississippi. More than just a geographical designation, Appalachia offers some unique cultural aspects that contribute to its potential viability for preparedness living. The “Appalachian Redoubt” has been referenced various survival-minded authors, who mainly focused on the Cumberland Plateau region and the more rugged mountains of North Carolina, primarily geared towards a “bug out” /retreat scenario. I’m going to address the area that I live in — Southeastern Ohio/Eastern Kentucky/Northern West Virginia, from a permanent resident/”bug in” perspective.

As with any location, there are pros and cons to the Appalachian Redoubt, which very often are one and the same. Every cloud has a silver lining.

1. Poverty and a stagnant economy head the list of potential pitfalls. While good paying jobs can still be found, they take some searching for, and an appropriate skill set. It is imperative that you either have secured employment, an independent means of support, such as an internet-based business or telecommute job, or sufficient cash on hand to purchase your property and necessary infrastructure and equipment outright, before finding your dream retreat and moving. You can’t depend on moving and then finding employment. Two of the biggest sectors are prison employment (state governments are fond of dumping their “unwanted” into rural and poorer parts of the state–out of sight, out of mind) and healthcare. Skilled trades such as mechanics, electricians, and plumbers can also find work. There are some opportunities in IT, bio research, and manufacturing, but competition is stiff in these areas. Mining and timber industry employment still exist, but they are the most precarious options for long term employment, and the majority of the jobs are filled via the “good old boy” network- the sons and friends of current employees.Continue reading“The Appalachian Redoubt, by Bethany”



Economics & Investing For Preppers

Here are the latest news items and commentary on current economics news, market trends, stocks, investing opportunities, and the precious metals markets. We also cover hedges, derivatives, and obscura. Most of these items are from the “tangibles heavy” contrarian perspective of SurvivalBlog’s Founder and Senior Editor, JWRAG体育. Today, we look at the wide-reaching economic implications of the Coronavirus outbreak in China.

Precious Metals:

News of the spread of the Wuhan Pneumonia virus — with silver, platinum, and palladium all turning down. If the outbreak gets any worse, then nearly all commodities will suffer.

o  o  o

Gold, which is both an industrial metal and an inflation hedge, has fared better:

Economy & Finance:

Nikkei Asian Review: . JWR’s Comment: If this gets more widespread, then the real economic winners will be “stay at home” and/or “at a distance”, such as: Netflix, Amazon, eBay, et cetera. Who knows? Ham radio and remote camping may become popular. The biggest losers will likely be public venues, tourism, cruise ships, team sports, movie theaters, conventions, spectator sports, concerts, and so forth. Adjust your investments, accordingly.

o  o  o

At Zero Hedge:

o  o  o

o  o  o

Continue reading“Economics & Investing For Preppers”



The Editors’ Quote of the Day:

“How could I improve on what we’ve done so far? Well, I would rather we didn’t give Fallujah back. There’s a few things I think we need to stand up to. I think we can’t just ignore terrorism, we cant just turn our back on it and expect it to go away. I mean, somebody around here seems to think if you treat them nice they’ll like you and they’ll leave you alone, but that’s not the case. But our guys are in good shape, we’re ready to go any time. Matter of fact, call me back, I’m ready to go.” –



Preparedness Notes for Thursday — January 30, 2020

January 30th is the birthday of historian (born 1912, died February 6, 1989). She wrote some very engaging history books.

January 30th is also the anniversary of the 1945 Great Raid on Cabanatuan Prison Camp where US Army Rangers and Filipino Guerrillas liberated Allied prisoners. The book , by historian and bestselling author Bruce Henderson is fascinating reading. And the movie AG体育 was loosely based on this raid’s history.

SurvivalBlog Writing Contest

Today we present another entry for Round 86 of the SurvivalBlog non-fiction writing contest. The more than $12,000 worth of prizes for this round include:

First Prize:

  1. A $3,000 gift certificate towards a Sol-Ark Solar Generator from veteran-owned Portable Solar LLC. The only EMP Hardened Solar Generator System available to the public.
  2. A Gunsite Academy Three Day Course Certificate. This can be used for any one, two, or three day course (a $1,095 value),
  3. A course certificate from onPoint Tactical for the prize winner’s choice of three-day civilian courses, excluding those restricted for military or government teams. Three day onPoint courses normally cost $795,
  4. DRD Tactical is providing a 5.56 NATO QD Billet upper. These have hammer forged, chrome-lined barrels and a hard case, to go with your own AR lower. It will allow any standard AR-type rifle to have a quick change barrel. This can be assembled in less than one minute without the use of any tools. It also provides a compact carry capability in a hard case or in 3-day pack (an $1,100 value),
  5. Two cases of Mountain House freeze-dried assorted entrees in #10 cans, courtesy of Ready Made Resources (a $350 value),
  6. A $250 gift certificate good for any product from Sunflower Ammo,
  7. American Gunsmithing Institute (AGI) is providing a $300 certificate good towards any of their DVD training courses.

Second Prize:

  1. A gift certificate from Quantum Harvest LLC (up to a $2,200 value) good for 12% off the purchase of any of their sun-tracking models, and 10% off the purchase price of any of their other models.
  2. A Front Sight Lifetime Diamond Membership, providing lifetime free training at any Front Sight Nevada course, with no limit on repeating classes. This prize is courtesy of a SurvivalBlog reader who prefers to be anonymous.
  3. A Glock form factor SIRT laser training pistol and a SIRT AR-15/M4 Laser Training Bolt, courtesy of Next Level Training, which have a combined retail value of $589,
  4. A $300 purchase credit for any of the products from EMPShield.com
  5. A Three-Day Deluxe Emergency Kit from Emergency Essentials (a $190 value),
  6. Two 1,000-foot spools of full mil-spec U.S.-made 750 paracord (in-stock colors only) from www.TOUGHGRID.com (a $240 value).
  7. An assortment of products along with a one hour consultation on health and wellness from Pruitt’s Tree Resin (a $265 value).

Third Prize:

  1. Good2GoCo.com is providing a $400 purchase credit at regular prices for the prize winner’s choice of either Wise Foods or Augason long term storage foods, in stackable buckets.
  2. Three sets each of made-in-USA regular and wide-mouth reusable canning lids. (This is a total of 300 lids and 600 gaskets.) This prize is courtesy of Harvest Guard (a $270 value)
  3. A Royal Berkey water filter, courtesy of Directive 21 (a $275 value),
  4. Expanded sets of both washable feminine pads and liners, donated by Naturally Cozy (a $185 retail value),
  5. Two Super Survival Pack seed collections, a $150 value, courtesy of Seed for Security, LLC,
  6. Mayflower Trading is donating a $200 gift certificate for homesteading appliances.

Round 86 ends on January 31st, so get busy writing and e-mail us your entry. Remember that there is a 1,500-word minimum, and that articles on practical “how to” skills for survival have an advantage in the judging.



On Respirators and Viruses, by Marius

I want to start off by saying that some of what I will discuss here is based on simple facts, and some is based on nothing but my own meandering experience。 I am not a doctor, and nothing I say here should in any way be construed as medical advice。 This article does not in any way constitute respirator training。

With the outbreak of the unknown virus overseas, I have seen a lot of questions about respirators。 I hope to answer some of those questions here, just please be patient if I cover things too poorly。 Most people are asking about what are called N95 respirators, which are also known as filtering facepiece respirators。 The three most important things up front are that these respirators are extremely and importantly different from common dust masks and surgical masks, and only work on particulates。 Common dust masks look very similar, but they usually only have one strap instead of two。 They will not be stamped NIOSH N95。 I will cover what that means shortly。 Most importantly, dust masks are not rated to meaningfully filter the air you are breathing。 They can help, which is why people wear them, but for virus protection they would be little better than a wet rag。

Moving on to surgical masks; surgical masks are meant to keep you from spreading germs to other people, especially with droplet-borne diseases, which again, we’ll get to. In the current context this is not necessarily unhelpful, but you would want to put a surgical mask on a sick person and a respirator on yourself. The takeaway here is please don’t wear a surgical mask and think you are protecting yourself. The third most important thing is that these respirators only work against particulates, meaning dust, bacteria, viruses, etc. These respirators will absolutely not work against chemicals or low oxygen environments. I cannot stress this enough: These respirators will not save you from chemical fumes or toxic gases (such as CO2), or places where there isn’t enough oxygen in the air. Continue reading“On Respirators and Viruses, by Marius”



Letter: Clarifications on N95 Masks

Dear Editor:
AG体育 There seems to be a lot of misunderstandings about N95 masks.  I have quoted some information from CDC, NIOSH, OSHA, and the FDA to help clear some of the confusion.

The main issue I hear is that “only medical rated (by the FDA) N95 masks should be used to protect oneself against Coronavirus  and other flu.”  This is not necessarily true.  The “95” part of the N95 stands for the percentage of particulate matter that the mask will filter out.  The size of the test media is .03 micron.  At .03 micron an N95 mask is more than capable of capturing the secretions from the flu patient.  Where the “medical” rated N95 mask comes in is that it has additional safety features such as a fire safety and is rated to not only insure the safety of the person wearing it (surgeon or nurse) but also the patient.  A medical rated N95 will cost more as well.  I suggest that anyone buying N95s look at industrial N95 that have “for occupational use” on the box.

After the quote is a link to each source.  At the end is a standard for eye protection (goggles) that people should be looking for for their PPE needs and a standard for infrared thermometer guns.

National supplies are already limiting orders on healthcare facilities so act quickly.

Sincerely – 3ADscout

N95 Mask:

From OSHA Respirator Types-

There are two main types of respirators:

air-purifying respirators, which use filters, cartridges, or canisters to remove contaminants from the air you breathe, and atmosphere-supplying respirators, which provide you with clean air from an uncontaminated source. Respirators can also be classified as tight-fitting or loose-fitting.

Loose-fitting respirators do not depend on a tight seal with the face to provide protection. Therefore, they do not need to be fittested.

There are filtering facepiece half-mask respirators, sometimes referred to as N95s. A filtering facepiece respirator covers the nose and mouth, and is a tight-fitting, air-purifying respirator in which the whole facepiece functions as the filter. Filtering facepieces may or may not have an exhalation valve to help exhaled breath exit the facepiece. They need to be fit tested, unless you are wearing them under voluntary use conditions. Filtering facepiece respirators filter out particles and do not protect against non-particulate hazards such as gases or vapors.

You may hear someone refer to a respirator as an “N95” or a “P100.” While most people use the term “N95” to refer to filtering facepiece respirators, “N95” actually describes the type of filter material and its protective properties. The filter material can be used in either a filtering facepiece respirator or in a filter cartridge that’s attached to an elastomeric respirator.

The first part of the filter’s classification uses the letters N, R, or P to indicate the filter’s ability to function when exposed to oils.
“N” means Not resistant to oil;
“R” means somewhat Resistant to oil; and
“P” means strongly resistant to oil, or oil-Proof.

This rating is only important in work settings where oils may be present, because some oils can reduce the effectiveness of the filter。

The second part of the classification — the number– refers to the filter’s ability to remove the most-penetrating particle size during “worst case” testing.

Filters that remove at least 95 percent of these particles are given a 95 rating。 Those that filter out at least 99 percent receive a 99 rating, and those that filter out at least 99。97 percent – essentially 100 percent – receive a 100 rating。

Using this classification method, an N95 filter is not resistant to oil and removes at least 95 percent of the most-penetrating particles.

 

Masks and N95 Respirators– from the FDA

Facemasks

Facemasks are not to be shared and may be labeled as surgical, isolation, dental or medical procedure masks.

If worn properly, a facemask is meant to help block large-particle droplets, splashes, sprays or splatter that may contain germs (viruses and bacteria), keeping it from reaching your mouth and nose. Facemasks may also help reduce exposure of your saliva and respiratory secretions to others.

AG体育While a facemask may be effective in blocking splashes and large-particle droplets, a facemask, by design, does not filter or block very small particles in the air that may be transmitted by coughs, sneezes or certain medical procedures. Facemasks also do not provide complete protection from germs and other contaminants because of the loose fit between the surface of the facemask and your face.

N95 Respirators

FDA has cleared certain filtering facepiece respirators (N95) for use by the general public。

FDA has cleared the following N95 respirators for use by the general public in public health medical emergencies:

  • 3M™ Particulate Respirator 8670F
  • 3M™ Particulate Respirator 8612F
  • Pasture Tm F550G Respirator
  • Pasture Tm A520G Respirator

AG体育These devices are labeled “NOT for occupational use.”

N95 Respirators in Industrial and Health Care Settings

Most N95 respirators are manufactured for use in construction and other industrial type jobs that expose workers to dust and small particles are regulated by the National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL) in the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), which is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)。 These products are labeled “For occupational use。”

However, some N95 respirators are intended for use in a healthcare setting. Specifically, single-use, disposable respiratory protective devices used and worn by healthcare personnel during procedures to protect both the patient and healthcare personnel from the transfer of microorganisms, body fluids, and particulate material. These N95 respirators are class II devices regulated by FDA, under 21 CFR 878.4040, and CDC NIOSH.

N95 Respirators and Surgical Masks– from NIOSH Science Blog

Further, the filter’s collection efficiency is a function of the size of the particles, and is not dependent on whether they are bioaerosolsor inert particles.

The FDA does not perform an independent evaluation of surgical mask filter performance, nor does it publish manufacturers’ test results. In many cases it is difficult to find information about the filter test results for FDA-cleared surgical masks. The class of FDA-cleared surgical masks known as Surgical N95 Respirators is the one clear exception to this uncertainty of filter performance. This is the only type of surgical mask that includes evaluation to the stringent NIOSH standards. All members of this class of surgical masks have been approved by NIOSH as N95 respirators prior to their clearance by the FDA as surgical masks. The FDA, in part, accepts the NIOSH filter efficiency and breathing resistance test results as exceeding the usual surgical mask requirements.

 

Respirator Trusted-Source InformationSection 3: Ancillary Respirator Information
From CDC/NIOSH

Can we use an N95 that has not been cleared by the FDA in a patient setting?

NIOSH-certified N95 respirators that have not been cleared by the FDA can be used for respiratory protection to reduce the exposures of healthcare personnel in a patient setting to hazardous particulates. These respirators have not been evaluated by FDA to determine whether they meet the fluid and flammability resistance as required for FDA clearance as medical devices. For this reason, they are not intended for use in exposure settings where the performance of a surgical mask to maintain a sterile field is required.

Compiler’s note:  All N95 mask will filter out 95% of the particulate however, medical grade N95 mask have additional capabilities for the healthcare setting such as the fluid and flammability resistance as required by the FDA mentioned above.  You do not have to buy/use an FDA medical N95 mask to protect yourself against germs (coronavirus) unless you work in a medical facility.

 

Recommended Guidance for Extended Use and Limited Reuse of N95 Filtering Facepiece Respirators in Healthcare Settings

 

Chemical Splash and Dust Protection For Eyeware:

Eyewear that meets ANSI Z87。1 requirements for droplet (splash) or dust protection will be marked with a code that begins with the letter “D”。 For example:

  • Eye protection that provides protection from droplets and splashes is marked with “D3”
  • Eye protection that provides dust protection is labeled “D4”
  • Eye protection that provides fine dust protection is labeled “D5”

 

Standard Specification for Infrared Thermometers for Intermittent Determination of Patient Temperature:

ASTM E1965-98

 



AG体育The Survivalist’s Odds ‘n Sods

SurvivalBlog presents another edition of The Survivalist’s Odds ‘n Sods— a collection of news bits and pieces that are relevant to the modern survivalist and prepper from “JWR”. Our goal is to educate our readers, to help them to recognize emerging threats and to be better prepared for both disasters and negative societal trends. You can’t mitigate a risk if you haven’t first identified a risk. Today, we look at how NYPD police officers are using facial recognition.

Demand for “Prepper Properties” is Soaring

Building an Underground House with Hand Tools

Michael Z. Williamson (our Editor-At-Large) sent us this YouTube link: .  It is no wonder that this video has had 35 million views.

Rogue NYPD Cops are Using Facial Recognition App

The New York Post reports: . The article begins:

“Rogue NYPD officers are using a sketchy facial recognition software on their personal phones that the department’s own facial recognition unit doesn’t want to touch because of concerns about security and potential for abuse, The Post has learned.

Clearview AI, which has scraped millions of photos from social media and other public sources for its facial recognition program — earning a cease-and-desist order from Twitter — has been pitching itself to law enforcement organizations across the country, including to the NYPD。”

Marines are Now Allowed Concealed Carry

Reader DSV spotted this: 

NOAA to Study Climate Plan B: Geoengineering

Reader Sean B. sent this: .

Continue reading“The Survivalist’s Odds ‘n Sods”



The Editors’ Quote of the Day:

“The fanaticism which discards the Scripture, under the pretense of resorting to immediate revelations is subversive of every principle of Christianity. For when they boast extravagantly of the Spirit, the tendency is always to bury the Word of God so they may make room for their own falsehoods.” –



Preparedness Notes for Wednesday — January 29, 2020

Today is the birthday of journalist and inventor (1737–1809。)

And speaking of Toms, this is the birthday of actor Tom Selleck (born 1945), best known for playing the title role of He is an avid shooter and quite pro-gun.

A special note on our waterproof 2005-2019 archive USB sticks: We discovered a formatting glitch on the first batch that were mailed out. So… We are mailing free replacements (properly formatted) for all of those customers. You may keep the old sticks–free of charge–and erase their contents, to be able to use those sticks for whatever purpose that you’d like. Just don’t mix them up with your new sticks.  Please do not mial back the old sticks. Again, those are for you to keep, as our gift. Mailing of the sticks with the updated formatting should begin on or before February 1st. Thanks for your patience!

SurvivalBlog Writing Contest

Today we present another entry for Round 86 of the SurvivalBlog non-fiction writing contest. The more than $12,000 worth of prizes for this round include:

First Prize:

  1. A $3,000 gift certificate towards a Sol-Ark Solar Generator from veteran-owned Portable Solar LLC. The only EMP Hardened Solar Generator System available to the public.
  2. A Gunsite Academy Three Day Course Certificate. This can be used for any one, two, or three day course (a $1,095 value),
  3. A course certificate from onPoint Tactical for the prize winner’s choice of three-day civilian courses, excluding those restricted for military or government teams. Three day onPoint courses normally cost $795,
  4. DRD Tactical is providing a 5.56 NATO QD Billet upper. These have hammer forged, chrome-lined barrels and a hard case, to go with your own AR lower. It will allow any standard AR-type rifle to have a quick change barrel. This can be assembled in less than one minute without the use of any tools. It also provides a compact carry capability in a hard case or in 3-day pack (an $1,100 value),
  5. Two cases of Mountain House freeze-dried assorted entrees in #10 cans, courtesy of Ready Made Resources (a $350 value),
  6. A $250 gift certificate good for any product from Sunflower Ammo,
  7. American Gunsmithing Institute (AGI) is providing a $300 certificate good towards any of their DVD training courses.

Second Prize:

  1. A gift certificate from Quantum Harvest LLC (up to a $2,200 value) good for 12% off the purchase of any of their sun-tracking models, and 10% off the purchase price of any of their other models.
  2. A Front Sight Lifetime Diamond Membership, providing lifetime free training at any Front Sight Nevada course, with no limit on repeating classes. This prize is courtesy of a SurvivalBlog reader who prefers to be anonymous.
  3. A Glock form factor SIRT laser training pistol and a SIRT AR-15/M4 Laser Training Bolt, courtesy of Next Level Training, which have a combined retail value of $589,
  4. A $300 purchase credit for any of the products from EMPShield.com
  5. A Three-Day Deluxe Emergency Kit from Emergency Essentials (a $190 value),
  6. Two 1,000-foot spools of full mil-spec U.S.-made 750 paracord (in-stock colors only) from www.TOUGHGRID.com (a $240 value).
  7. An assortment of products along with a one hour consultation on health and wellness from Pruitt’s Tree Resin (a $265 value).

Third Prize:

  1. Good2GoCo.com is providing a $400 purchase credit at regular prices for the prize winner’s choice of either Wise Foods or Augason long term storage foods, in stackable buckets.
  2. Three sets each of made-in-USA regular and wide-mouth reusable canning lids. (This is a total of 300 lids and 600 gaskets.) This prize is courtesy of Harvest Guard (a $270 value)
  3. A Royal Berkey water filter, courtesy of Directive 21 (a $275 value),
  4. Expanded sets of both washable feminine pads and liners, donated by Naturally Cozy (a $185 retail value),
  5. Two Super Survival Pack seed collections, a $150 value, courtesy of Seed for Security, LLC,
  6. Mayflower Trading is donating a $200 gift certificate for homesteading appliances.

Round 86 ends on January 31st, so get busy writing and e-mail us your entry. Remember that there is a 1,500-word minimum, and that articles on practical “how to” skills for survival have an advantage in the judging.



Building the Castle – Part 2, by Jake R.

(Continued from Part 1. This concludes the article.)

Metal Siding

Metal siding is common on a lot of the newer barndominiums and shop houses. Essentially, it’s the same as the metal roofing used on the building. These are becoming more and more popular and have their advantages and disadvantages.

Pros

Durability – This type of metal is typically durable and has good longevity. To top that off, it’s also easy to maintain.

Easy InstallationAG体育 – The installation of this is also straight forward which reduces the labor costs to have it installed.

Fire Safety – This material is also good to have in areas where fires are common. You may find that if it gets hot it will discolor and may rust but it should still protect your home to some extent.

Cons

Cost – This material is typically more expensive than vinyl siding so like many other things mentioned in this article, you may have to pick and choose what’s most important to you. Unfortunately, every bit extra you spend on materials may be addition funding taken away from your beans, band-aids, and bullets.

Rust – Exterior metal still has that capability of rusting, especially if it’s in contact with the ground. You’ll want to keep an eye on this and make sure soil doesn’t pile up next to the home such as ant beds. If this rusts completely through, it will open up the interior walls to the elements and can begin to cause issues.

Stockpiling – Keeping replacement panels around for this is similar to roofs. You may have a hard time finding somewhere to properly store the panels.

Continue reading“Building the Castle – Part 2, by Jake R.”